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You can explicitly raise a given exception anywhere within the scope of that exception. If the condition is true, the sequence of statements is executed, then control resumes at the top of the loop. Example 11-6 Using RAISE to Raise a User-Defined Exception DECLARE out_of_stock EXCEPTION; number_on_hand NUMBER := 0; BEGIN IF number_on_hand < 1 THEN RAISE out_of_stock; -- raise an exception that you defined To complete a PL/SQL block before its normal end is reached, you can use the RETURN statement. http://setiweb.org/pl-sql/pl-sql-exit-with-error.php

Then, use the label in an EXIT statement to specify which FOR loop to exit, as follows: <> FOR i IN 1..5 LOOP ... Searched CASE Statement PL/SQL also provides a searched CASE statement, which has the form: [<>] CASE WHEN search_condition1 THEN sequence_of_statements1; WHEN search_condition2 THEN sequence_of_statements2; ... EXIT; -- exit loop immediately END IF; END LOOP; -- control resumes here The next example shows that you cannot use the EXIT statement to complete a PL/SQL block: BEGIN ... The pragma must appear somewhere after the exception declaration in the same declarative section, as shown in Example 11-4.

Whenever Sqlerror Exit

END; The enclosing block does not handle the raised exception because the declaration of past_due in the sub-block prevails. If the transaction succeeds, commit, then exit from the loop. Thesis reviewer requests update to literature review to incorporate last four years of research.

Carefully consider whether each exception handler should commit the transaction, roll it back, or let it continue. DUP_VAL_ON_INDEX Your program attempts to store duplicate values in a database column that is constrained by a unique index. A cursor FOR loop automatically opens the cursor to which it refers. Whenever Sqlerror Exit 1 Shell Script With exceptions, you can reliably handle potential errors from many statements with a single exception handler: BEGIN SELECT ...

INVALID_NUMBER 01722 -1722 n a SQL statement, the conversion of a character string into a number fails because the string does not represent a valid number. (In procedural statements, VALUE_ERROR is Pl/sql Continue After Exception EXIT outer WHEN ... -- exit both loops END LOOP; ... END; Normally, this is not a problem. END LOOP; | END LOOP; FOR-LOOP Whereas the number of iterations through a WHILE loop is unknown until the loop completes, the number of iterations through a FOR loop is known

Inside the FOR loop, simply multiply each reference to the loop counter by the new increment. Pl Sql Exit Script Errors are especially likely during arithmetic calculations, string manipulation, and database operations. In the last example, if the initial value of total is larger than 25000, the condition is false and the loop is bypassed. END LOOP; END LOOP outer; -- control passes here Sequential Control: GOTO and NULL Statements Unlike the IF and LOOP statements, the GOTO and NULL statements are not crucial to PL/SQL

Pl/sql Continue After Exception

To invoke RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR, use the following syntax: raise_application_error( error_number, message[, {TRUE | FALSE}]); where error_number is a negative integer in the range -20000..-20999 and message is a character string In the latter case, PL/SQL returns an unhandled exception error to the host environment. Whenever Sqlerror Exit Redeclaring predefined exceptions is error prone because your local declaration overrides the global declaration. Pl Sql Developer Stop Execution Figure 11-1 Propagation Rules: Example 1 Description of "Figure 11-1 Propagation Rules: Example 1" Figure 11-2 Propagation Rules: Example 2 Description of "Figure 11-2 Propagation Rules: Example 2" Figure 11-3 Propagation

BEGIN ---------- sub-block begins ... You need not worry about checking for an error at every point it might occur. For general information about PL/SQL compilation parameters, see PL/SQL Units and Compilation Parameters. For example, the following declaration raises an exception because the constant credit_limit cannot store numbers larger than 999: DECLARE credit_limit CONSTANT NUMBER(3) := 5000; -- raises an exception BEGIN ... Exception Handling In Oracle Stored Procedure Example

Place the statement in its own sub-block with its own exception handlers. WHEN ZERO_DIVIDE THEN -- handles 'division by zero' error dbms_output.put_line('Company must have had zero earnings.'); pe_ratio := null; WHEN OTHERS THEN -- handles all other errors dbms_output.put_line('Some other kind of error To see any warnings generated during compilation, use the SQL*Plus SHOW ERRORS statement or query the static data dictionary view USER_ERRORS. http://setiweb.org/pl-sql/pl-sql-exit-procedure-error.php A movie about people moving at the speed of light How to make your world’s revolutions feel realistic?

If a search condition yields TRUE, its WHEN clause is executed. Sqlplus Exit Command In that specific context, RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR() does the job. –Frosty Z Jan 18 '12 at 10:40 add a comment| 4 Answers 4 active oldest votes up vote 5 down vote accepted Based Advantages of PL/SQL Exceptions Using exceptions for error handling has several advantages.

When the EXIT statement is encountered, the condition in the WHEN clause is evaluated.

That lets you refer to any internal exception by name and to write a specific handler for it. An example follows: IF sales > quota THEN compute_bonus(empid); UPDATE payroll SET pay = pay + bonus WHERE empno = emp_id; END IF; You might want to place brief IF statements A stub is dummy subprogram that lets you defer the definition of a procedure or function until you test and debug the main program. Pl/sql Raise Exception Carrying Metal gifts to USA (elephant, eagle & peacock) for my friends How do I find a research assistant positions (life science) in USA if you're an international student and outside

Likewise, a GOTO statement cannot branch from one CASE statement WHEN clause to another. Redeclaring predefined exceptions is error prone because your local declaration overrides the global declaration. If the parameter is FALSE (the default), the error replaces all previous errors. If the optional third parameter is TRUE, the error is placed on the stack of previous errors.

This chapter discusses the following topics: Overview of PL/SQL Control Structures Conditional Control: IF and CASE Statements Iterative Control: LOOP and EXIT Statements Sequential Control: GOTO and NULL Statements Overview of